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not only … but also 用法归纳  

2010-09-27 20:52:49|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Not only…but also是英语中较为常见的一个关联词组。由于它的用法比较复杂,本文拟对其用法及其使用中应注意的问题作一归纳。

一、主要用法

1.连接主语:

Not only I but also Tom and Mary are fond of watching television.

不仅我,而且汤姆和玛丽都喜欢看电视。

2.连接谓语动词

The Americans and the British not only speak the same language but also share a large number of social customs.英国人和美国人不但语言相同,而且有很多相同的风俗习惯。

3.连接宾语:

The problem for the recipient was trying to guess not only who the sender was, but also what his secret feelings might be.收信人不仅要尽力猜出是谁的,还要推测寄信人内心有什么想法。

.连接宾语补足语:

Light and bright colors make people not only happier but more active.浅色和鲜艳的颜色不但使人看了高兴,也会使人更加活泼。

5.连接表语:   Shakespeare was not only a writer but (also) an actor 莎士比亚不仅是一位剧作家,而且是一位演员。

6.连接状语:

If your friend reminds you kindly of your faults, take what he says not merely pleasantly but thank fully. 如果低你的朋友善意地指明出你的缺点,你不但要欣然接受,而且要心怀感激之情。

7.连接从句:He didn’t let us off the hook until we had proved not only that we knew what an organism was but also that we had the fortitude to stand up for the truth. 直到我们证明了我们不仅知道什么是生物体,而且具有坚持真理的不屈不挠精神时,他这才放过我们。

8.连接定语:Man has become master not only of the sky but also of the space. 人类不但征服了天空,而且征服了太空。

9.连接句子:

I not only heard it, but (also) I saw it. 我不仅听到、而且看到了它。 Not only…but also连接句子时, not only 可以置于句首表示强调,这时第一分句要采用倒装结构。例如:

Not only has he a first-class brain but also he is a tremendously hard worker. 他不仅有着头等聪明的脑子,而且工作很能吃苦。

注意 not only…but also连接的动词一般不重复,这与汉语不同。如汉语说“我不仅懂英语,而且懂俄语”,英语则说“I know not only English but also Russian”,而不说“I not only know English but also know Russian”。再如:“气体不仅改变形状,而且改变体积”,英译为“A gas changes not only in shape but also in volume.”(注意介词常重复)

下面的对那也很有用的。

1. not only … but also 应连接两个相对称的并列成分。例如:

  Not only Mr Lin but also his son joined the Party two years ago. (连接两个主语)

  I not only play tennis but also practise shooting. (连接两个谓语动词)

  He plays not only the piano but also the violin. (连接两个宾语)

  They speak English not only in class but also in the dormitory. (连接两个地点状语)

  注 1 : She not only sings well but also dances beautifully. = She doesn’t only sing well but also dances beautifully.

  注 2 :句子 He not only plays the piano but also the violin 不是好的文体,因为 but also 之后的成分与 not only 之后的成分不对称。

  2. not only … but also 连接两个分句,并且 not only 位于句首时,第一个分句中的主语和谓语要部分倒装。例如:

  Not only does the sun give us light but also it gives us heat.

  Not only did he speak English correctly, but also he speaks it fluently.

  Not only is this young man clever but also he is hardworking.

  3. not only … but also 不能用在否定句中。例如:

  误: They don’t fear not only hardship but also death.

  正: They fear neither hardship nor death. 采集者退散

  正: They don’t fear either hardship or death.

  4. not only … but also 连接两个主语时,谓语动词要和与其最近的主语保持人称和数的一致。例如:

  Not only the students but also the teacher was against the plan. / Not only the teacher but also the students were against the plan.

  5. not only … but also 中的 not only 不能分开使用,但 but also 却可以分开使用。例如:

  The area was not only hit by an unexpected heavy rain, but some bridges were also washed away.

  6. not only … but also 连接两个并列成分时,可以省略 but 或 also ,也可以把 but also 都省略掉。例如:

  I not only heard it but ( also ) saw it. 

  He was not only compelled to stay at home, ( but ) also forbidden to see his friend.

  She not only finished the task ahead of time, ( but also ) she came to help us.

  7. 也可用 but … too / as well 替代 not only … but also 中的 but also .例如:

  She not only sang well but danced gracefully too ( or as well )

  8. 也可以用 besides, furthermore, moreover, in addition 等替代 not only … but also 中的 but also .例如:

  Not only was there no food, but also (或 furthermore, besides, moreover, in addition ) there was no water.

  9. 也可用 merely, just, simply 等替代 not only … but also 中的 only .例如:

  They not merely ( or just, simply ) broke into his office and stole his books but also tore up his manuscripts.

  10. not only A but also B = B as well as A, 但前者的强调重点在 B ;后者的强调重点也在 B .(汉译时,要先译 as well as 后面的词)例如:

  The child is not only healthy but also lively. ( = The child is lively as well as healthy. )这孩子既健康又活泼。

  It concerns not only me but also you. ( = It concerns you as well as me. )

  这件事不但与我有关,而且也与你有关。

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